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Evergreen trees for MinonkUpdated May 31, 2009 by David Uphoff
Evergreens are excellent trees for the Minonk area. Due to their thick year round foliage they serve as good windbreaks. In addition, they provide greenery through the drabness of winter when the rest of the trees are bare. Evergreens also serve as a haven for birds who are protected from predators in the dense prickly foliage. There are many types of evergreens. Pine trees have longer needles and are more open while spruce and fir trees are more compact with shorter needles and are usually slower growing. Pines can reach a height of over 100 feet while spruces and firs can reach up to 60 feet.
Colorado Spruce: This is the king of the evergreens. The Colorado Spruce has dense foliage with short needles that are hard and sharp. The tree has a very symentrical conical shape and is excellent as a specimum or as a windbreak. There is a blueish gray version of the Colorado Spruce that are called "shiners". These should be planted with reserve as too many of them can visually overwhelm the rest of the landscape.
Concolor Fir: The Concolor Fir or White Fir tree looks similar to the Colorado Spruce but has soft needles and is faster growing. It is a very attractive tree with a medium greenish blue color.
Douglas Fir: The Douglas Fir is similar to the Concolor Fir except it has a deep green color and its needles are not as thick as the Concolor Fir. It also is a fairly rapid grower.
Serbian Spruce: This tree grows faster than the Colorado Spruce and is taller and thinner with a deep green color. Its needles are softer than the Colorado Spruce.
Austrian Pine: The Austrian Pine is a fast growing tree with long needles that are sharp and thick. It is compact when young and tends to thin out and lose its lower branches as it ages.
White Pine: The White Pine has an attractive bluish green color with soft needles that are shorter than the Austrian Pine. It too thins out as it gets older and will tend to lose its lower branches after 40 years. The branches of the White Pine can easily break off during a heavy ice storm.
Arborvitae: The Arbovitae is a compact evergreen that grows to about 20 feet. The techny arborvitae is the best variety to plant and is a fast growing arborvitae tree. The techny arborvitae generally has denser foliage than many of the other species of arborvitae, and makes the best hedges.